Japan remains a key partner in Pacific Tuna Fisheries

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Tuna continues to be a delicacy in Japan.

Japan is known for its love affair with seafood. If we say tuna, we think of sushi and sashimi – two of the most famous dishes in Japanese cuisine.

Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs officials told visiting Pacific Islands journalists in Tokyo last month that a sizeable amount of tuna Japan consumes are sourced from the Japanese vessels licensed to fish in the Pacific region.

Japan is a major fisher of tuna species in the Pacific region; Japan officials said: “fishing is very important to Japan.”

To protect valuable marine resources and to ensure the sustainability of fish stocks, Japan’s Free and Open Indo Pacific Strategy includes a commitment to peace and stability, including assistance to the Pacific in enhancing maritime safety and stability.

This year, Palau and Japan are celebrating 25-years of diplomatic ties that “friendship” Japan’s aid has delivered a wide range of projects from infrastructure, health, education, maritime security, and climate change.

According to the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) data, the Japanese imports from FFA members was valued at US $41 million in 2016, with Palau and Fiji as the main supplier of tuna sashimi grade products to the Japanese market.

Japan has been an important diplomatic partner to Palau in improving awareness of activities in its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).

Boosting its marine surveillance, a Japan-funded patrol boat called PSS Kedam in now serving as the additional patrol boat for Palau.

The new patrol boat Kedam is funded with the grant by the Nippon Foundation at a cost of over $30 million, Kedam is expected to enhance Palau’s marine surveillance capabilities and police its s 200-mile exclusive economic zone.

At the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC), Japan is one of the key players pushing for measures to conserve fish stocks, recognizing its economic importance to Pacific island nations.

Japan was also instrumental in keeping catches of juvenile tuna to below 2002–04 average levels as a conservation measure.

The government of Japan continues to assure island nations of support given that the Pacific islands states are large ocean states that are custodians of the world’s largest tuna fishery.

The WCPO share of the global catch of albacore, bigeye, skipjack, and yellowfin tunas is between 55% and 58%. In 2016 the total catch of tuna species s was 2.7 million tonnes which 56% of global production of 4.8 million tonnes, according to FFA.

Palau gets help from new technology to combat illegal fishing

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Microsoft’s Paul Allen, who on a number of occasions has visited Palau and lauded its marine conservation efforts, is pilot testing a new technology that will combat illegal fishing around the island-nation.

Palau President Tommy Remengesau Jr. recently announced that Allen will test the new technology in Palau starting in December, and that it will be up and running in 2018.

Allen made the announcement during Our Ocean conference in Malta on October 6.

According to a press statement from Allen’s company, Vulcan Inc. Allen is concerned about illegal fishing depleting global fish populations.

“Vulcan is developing a system that uses satellite imagery and data-analysis software to help countries spot and catch unlicensed fishing boats,” Allen said.

Called SkyLight, the new technology will also be tested in the African nation of Gabon.

Skylight uses technology to aid enforcement, particularly in countries with thousands of miles of coastline to patrol and few resources to do so.

Allen is reportedly spending $40 million to develop the SkyLight system.

SkyLight will input multiple data sources from satellite images, shipping records and information manually collected by officials standing on docks.

It will then use machine-learning software to track and predict which vessels might be operating illegally.

Skylight will contribute to implementing Palau’s monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) plan developed in 2016 with assistance from the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA).

FFA also supports the Oceanic Fisheries Management Project (OFMP2), which funds a MCS coordinator to implement Palau’s MCS plan, and bring together the surveillance activities of the various Palau government agencies.

The MCS coordinator facilitates e-monitoring on fishing vessels operating in the Palau EEZ, which is where SkyLight will be important.

The machine learning capabilities of the SkyLight system is similar to what Vulcan has developed with its Domain Awareness System (DAS) that was developed to stop elephant poaching in Africa.

The solution is expected to be officially available for implementation during the first half of 2018.

“Our oceans produce half the oxygen we breath, 80 percent of life on earth, 16 percent of our planet’s animal protein, and $2.5 trillion in annual commerce.

But illegal fishing is robbing our seas and fueling a crisis of declining fish stocks around the world that not only threatens the global food supply and marine ecosystems, but also destabilizes global economic and national security,” said a statement on the Skylight global website stated.

Palau has declared 80% of its exclusive economic zone as a marine sanctuary and bans all foreign commercial fishing but needs assistance in policing its waters.

In 2016, Palau released a five-year monitoring, control, and surveillance (MCS) plan to fight illegal activities and manage emergency responses in its waters.

The plan guides Palau’s efforts to build the capacity and expertise to deter, detect, and stop illegal activities in its waters. It aims to protect the nation’s natural resources from illicit fishing and thwart other activities detrimental to its environment and the surrounding international waters.

“If you come to Palau to steal our fish, we will find you and you will be punished,” President Remengesau has earlier said about illegal fishing in Palau.

“To back up these strong words, we are strengthening our surveillance and enforcement system to better protect our ocean resources from poachers.”